Is it possible or practical to predict vog? The Vog Measurement and Prediction Project (VMAP) is a feasibility study in which scientists will evaluate [are evaluating] whether vog forecasts are achievable and useful. Project collaborators are making the feasibility study available to the public through this Web site, but as an ongoing investigation, VMAP currently provides limited service and reliability. Thus, VMAP users should have no expectation of accuracy or timeliness, and project data should not be used for decision making purposes at this time. Comments and inquiries can be directed to the appropriate contact.
Vog is primarily a mixture of sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas and sulfate (SO4) aerosol. SO2 (invisible) reacts with oxygen and moisture in the air to produce SO4 aerosol (visible). SO2 is expected to be the main problem in areas near the vent (Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, Pahala, Na`alehu, Hawaiian Ocean View Estates) and SO4 aerosol is expected to be the main problem at locations far from the vent (Kona and farther north and west).
The model output animation and accompanying forecast table is generated using the HYSPLIT numerical dispersion model. The model uses estimates of volcano emissions along with forecast winds to predict the concentrations of sulfur dioxide gas (SO2) and sulfate aerosol particles (SO4) downwind of the ongoing Kilauea eruption. This is a research effort that is in progress.
For emissions updates click here
[ Top of this page ]Select Region: Island of Hawaii | Hawaiian Islands
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The location of the sites in the table below are shown on the map linked here.
|Fri, May 17, 2013||0400||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Fri, May 17, 2013||0700||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.01||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Fri, May 17, 2013||1000||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.08||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Fri, May 17, 2013||1300||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.02||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.09||0.00|
|Fri, May 17, 2013||1600||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.28||0.00|
|Fri, May 17, 2013||1900||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.05||0.00|
|Fri, May 17, 2013||2200||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.03||0.00|
|Sat, May 18, 2013||0100||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.07||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Sat, May 18, 2013||0400||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.04||0.00||0.02||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Sat, May 18, 2013||0700||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.01||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Sat, May 18, 2013||1000||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.02||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Sat, May 18, 2013||1300||0.00||0.00||0.11||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.01||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Sat, May 18, 2013||1600||0.00||0.00||0.42||0.33||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.02||0.00|
|Sat, May 18, 2013||1900||0.00||0.00||0.93||0.39||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Sat, May 18, 2013||2200||0.00||0.00||0.01||0.01||0.06||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Sun, May 19, 2013||0100||0.00||0.00||0.15||0.03||0.03||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Sun, May 19, 2013||0400||0.09||0.09||0.08||0.10||0.07||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.03||0.00|
|Sun, May 19, 2013||0700||0.09||0.00||0.02||0.04||0.08||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Sun, May 19, 2013||1000||0.08||0.18||0.05||0.58||0.01||0.00||0.02||0.00||0.00||0.02||0.00|
|Sun, May 19, 2013||1200||0.09||0.07||0.02||0.07||0.00||0.00||0.01||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00|
Daily discussion of vog concentrations over the Hawaiian Islands as a result of the interaction of the volcanic emissions and the current and forecast weather.