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 WTPA42 PHFO 230315
 Hurricane Lane Discussion Number  34
 NWS Central Pacific Hurricane Center Honolulu HI   EP142018
 500 PM HST Wed Aug 22 2018
 The eye of Lane has become a bit less distinct in visible and 
 infrared imagery over the past few hours, but the core structure 
 remains well organized. Satellite intensity estimates were 6.0 from 
 SAB and TAFB, and 6.5 from PHFO and JTWC. The CIMSS-ADT remained 
 steady at 6.3. The current intensity was set to 125 kt, based on
 the consensus of the satellite estimates.
 Unfortunately Lane appears to have started a more northwest motion, 
 310/7 over the past several hours. A deep layer ridge to the east 
 and southeast of Lane is expected to build south of the tropical 
 cyclone over the next 24 to 36 hours, which will impart a more 
 northward motion. By 48 to 72 hours, the track guidance begins to 
 show a sharp westward turn, as the low level circulation of Lane 
 decouples in the face of 35 to 40 kt of shear. Exactly when this 
 critical turn will happen is very difficult to forecast, so 
 confidence in this portion of the track is quite low and
 necessitates expanding the Hurricane Warning to Oahu with this
 forecast package. The track forecast is virtually unchanged from the
 previous advisory in this time frame, and now closely follows the
 HCCA and other consensus guidance, which shifted slightly to
 the northeast around the time of closest approach to the islands.
 Beyond 72 hours, the shallow circulation of Lane is expected to be
 carried westward in the trades.
 Lane is beginning to move underneath increasing shear as shown in
 an animation of UW-CIMSS shear analyses. The shear is expected to 
 remain moderate for the first 24 to 36 hours, then become quite 
 strong beyond 48 hours. A gradual weakening trend is shown through 
 48 hours, with more rapid weakening beyond that time frame. The 
 intensity forecast remains on the high end of the guidance, in best 
 agreement with the ECMWF which maintains the deeper circulation 
 of Lane the longest. 
 1. Lane will pass dangerously close to the main Hawaiian
 Islands as a hurricane Thursday and Friday, and is expected to bring
 damaging winds. These winds can be accelerated over and downslope
 from higher terrain, and higher in high rise buildings.
 2. The slow movement of Lane also greatly increases the threat for
 prolonged heavy rainfall, life-threatening flash flooding, and
 landslides. The flood threat in particular will extend far to the
 east and northeast of the center of Lane.
 3. Large and damaging surf can be expected along exposed shorelines,
 along with localized storm surge.
 4. Do not focus on the exact forecast track or intensity of Lane,
 and be prepared for adjustments to the forecast. Life threatening
 impacts can extend well away from the center of a hurricane.
 INIT  23/0300Z 15.9N 156.5W  125 KT 145 MPH
  12H  23/1200Z 16.8N 157.2W  125 KT 145 MPH
  24H  24/0000Z 18.1N 157.5W  115 KT 130 MPH
  36H  24/1200Z 19.2N 157.8W  100 KT 115 MPH
  48H  25/0000Z 20.0N 158.2W   85 KT 100 MPH
  72H  26/0000Z 20.7N 159.8W   65 KT  75 MPH
  96H  27/0000Z 20.3N 162.4W   50 KT  60 MPH
 120H  28/0000Z 20.5N 165.5W   40 KT  45 MPH
 Forecaster R Ballard
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