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 WTPA42 PHFO 221513
 Hurricane Lane Discussion Number  32
 NWS Central Pacific Hurricane Center Honolulu HI   EP142018
 500 AM HST Wed Aug 22 2018
 A bit of asymmetry within the coldest cloud tops is now noticeable, 
 but Lane remains a well-organized hurricane this morning. Outflow 
 remains best to the north through east and is slightly restricted 
 elsewhere. Hurricane Hunter aircraft from the 53rd Weather 
 Reconnaissance Squadron flew through Lane once again overnight, 
 deriving 130 kt within the northeast eyewall (using a blend of 
 observations). Subjective Dvorak current intensity estimates were 
 6.5/127 kt from all three centers. ADT from UW-CIMSS was also
 6.5/127 kt. Initial intensity is set at 135 kt for this advisory,
 which is slightly lower than for the last advisory.
 Initial motion for this advisory is 290/8 kt. Lane has likely 
 reached the western periphery of a mid-level ridge and has made its 
 anticipated turn toward the west northwest. Lane is forecast to
 turn to the northwest later today, and to the north-northwest on
 Thursday, as it moves between the mid-level ridge to the east and a
 developing upper-level trough to the northwest of Hawaii. The track
 and intensity forecasts become increasingly uncertain after this
 point as most track guidance brings Lane very close to the islands,
 with potential interaction between Lane and the mountainous terrain
 of the islands. UW-CIMMS derives 15 kt of vertical shear now and
 this is forecast to increase to 25 to 30 kt at 48 hours, according
 to ECMWF SHIPS. The combination of land interaction and increasing
 vertical shear leads to a weakened Lane being steered to the west by
 the low-level trade wind flow during the later forecast periods. The
 new track forecast closely resembles the previous one and follows
 HCCA and TVCE between GFS and ECMWF. A slight bump to the left was
 made through 36 hours to account for initial motion, while a slight
 bump to the right was made to keep the track within the guidance
 envelop at 48 and 72 hours.
 Water temperatures along the forecast track will be 27 to 28
 degrees C, warm enough to support a major hurricane. Therefore, any 
 significant weakening as Lane draws closer to the Hawaiian Islands 
 will likely be due to increasing wind shear. Through the next 36 
 hours, shear is expected to remain in the 10 to 20 kt range, and we 
 expect only slow weakening initially. At 48 hours and beyond, the 
 forecast incorporates an expected sharp increase in shear as Lane 
 moves closer to the large upper trough to the northwest of the main 
 Hawaiian Islands. The new intensity forecast is very similar to the 
 previous forecast and lies near the top of the guidance envelope 
 but not too far from HMNI and IVCN. 
 1. Lane is forecast to move dangerously close to the main Hawaiian 
 Islands as a hurricane tomorrow through Saturday, potentially 
 bringing damaging winds and life-threatening flash flooding from 
 heavy rainfall. As Lane will be slow-moving as it nears the
 islands, large and damaging surf can be expected along exposed
 shorelines, along with localized storm surge.
 2. As Lane approaches the islands from the southeast, initial 
 impacts will be felt on the Big Island and Maui County, where a 
 Hurricane Warning is in effect. Impacts on Kauai County and Oahu
 are also possible, and a Hurricane Watch is in effect there.  
 3. Do not focus on the exact forecast track for Lane, as life- 
 threatening weather conditions extend well away from the center of 
 the hurricane, and significant impacts could be felt on any of the 
 INIT  22/1500Z 15.1N 155.3W  135 KT 155 MPH
  12H  23/0000Z 15.8N 156.3W  125 KT 145 MPH
  24H  23/1200Z 17.1N 157.1W  115 KT 130 MPH
  36H  24/0000Z 18.4N 157.5W  100 KT 115 MPH
  48H  24/1200Z 19.7N 158.0W   85 KT 100 MPH
  72H  25/1200Z 21.0N 160.0W   60 KT  70 MPH
  96H  26/1200Z 20.8N 163.1W   45 KT  50 MPH
 120H  27/1200Z 20.6N 166.3W   35 KT  40 MPH
 Forecaster Powell
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