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 WTPA42 PHFO 220304
 Hurricane Lane Discussion Number  29
 NWS Central Pacific Hurricane Center Honolulu HI   EP142018
 500 PM HST Tue Aug 21 2018
 Lane remains a powerful hurricane this afternoon, with a well-
 developed warm eye completely surrounded by persistent cold cloud 
 tops. The Hurricane Hunter aircraft from the 53rd Weather 
 Reconnaissance Squadron has been flying through Lane during the day,
 and has provided invaluable data. The central pressure dropped
 around 10 mb between the 18Z and 00Z fixes, with the last eye
 dropsonde measuring 930 mb with 16 kt splash wind, yielding a
 minimum pressure estimate of 929 mb. Peak SFMR winds during this
 mission were 140 kt, and max flight level winds were 146 kt.
 Subjective Dvorak current intensity estimates range from 6.5/127 kt
 to 7.0/140 kt, with the latest ADT current intensity holding steady
 at 6.5/127 kt. Although the central pressure has dropped sharply
 during the last 18 hours, it is now about what one would expect for
 a hurricane of strong Category 4 intensity in the Central Pacific
 basin, and based primarily on the aircraft data the intial intensity
 is held at 135 kt for this advisory. 
 Lane has turned slightly to the WNW today, and the initial motion
 for this advisory is 285/8 kt. Lane has been moving generally
 westward to the south of a mid-level ridge during the past several
 days. However, this will be changing soon, as Lane begins to round
 the western periphery of this ridge and moves into an area of
 relatively light steering flow. This is expected to allow the
 cyclone to gain latitude as its forward speed diminishes. The
 hurricane is forecast to continue moving west-northwest tonight,
 then turn to the northwest on Wednesday, and to the north-northwest
 on Thursday, as it moves between the mid-level ridge to the east and
 a developing upper-level trough to the northwest of Hawaii. After
 this point, the track and intensity forecast become increasingly
 uncertain, as the majority of the reliable model guidance
 brings Lane very close to the islands with potential interaction
 between Lane and the mountainous terrain of the islands. This
 interaction combined with increasing vertical wind shear leads to a
 weakened Lane being steered to the west by the low-level trade wind
 flow during the later forecast periods.  The new track forecast has
 been nudged slightly to left through 36 hours, then slightly to the
 right or closer to the islands at 72 hours, in very good agreement
 with the multi-model consensus HCCA.
 Water temperatures along the forecast track will be sufficiently
 warm to support a major hurricane, and thus any significant
 weakening before Lane draws closer to the Hawaiian Islands will
 likely be due to increasing wind shear. Through the next 36 to 48
 hours, shear is expected to remain light, and we expect only slow
 weakening as the cyclone moves over slightly cooler SSTs and may be
 impacted by eyewall replacement cycles. At 72 hours and beyond, the
 forecast anticipates a sharp increase in shear as Lane moves closer
 to the large upper trough to the northwest of the main Hawaiian
 Islands. The new intensity forecast is very similar to the previous
 forecast, and continues to follow the trend of the multi-model
 consensus IVCN.
 In addition to continued storm penetrations by the Hurricane Hunters
 of the 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron, the NOAA P-3 aircraft 
 will also be flying into Lane again this evening. The NOAA G-IV
 aircraft once again sampled the larger scale environment during the
 day to help with initialization of the forecast models.
 1. Lane is forecast to move dangerously close to the main Hawaiian
 Islands as a hurricane later this week, potentially bringing
 damaging winds and life-threatening flash flooding from heavy
 rainfall anywhere in the state. As Lane is expected to be
 slow-moving as it nears the islands, it will produce large and
 damaging surf. 
 2. As Lane moves up from the southeast, the earliest potential
 threat to land will be for the Big Island, where a Hurricane Warning
 is now in effect.  Preparations there should be rushed to completion
 as tropical-storm force winds are forecast to arrive in the warning
 area by late Wednesday or early Thursday.  A Hurricane Watch remains
 in effect for Maui County, and is now posted for Oahu, with
 tropical-storm force winds possibly beginning Thursday or Thursday
 3. Due to a continued high degree of uncertainty on the forecast
 track and intensity of Lane, hurricane impacts could be felt across
 any of the Hawaiian Islands.  It is too early to predict which, if
 any, of the islands are directly impacted.  Remember that life
 threatening weather conditions can extend well away from the center
 of the hurricane.  Interests throughout Hawaii are urged to closely
 monitor the progress of Lane during the next few days.
 INIT  22/0300Z 14.5N 154.0W  135 KT 155 MPH
  12H  22/1200Z 15.0N 155.0W  130 KT 150 MPH
  24H  23/0000Z 16.0N 156.0W  125 KT 145 MPH
  36H  23/1200Z 17.2N 156.8W  115 KT 130 MPH
  48H  24/0000Z 18.6N 157.3W  100 KT 115 MPH
  72H  25/0000Z 21.1N 158.7W   75 KT  85 MPH
  96H  26/0000Z 21.5N 161.5W   50 KT  60 MPH
 120H  27/0000Z 21.0N 164.5W   40 KT  45 MPH
 Forecaster Jacobson
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