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 WTPA42 PHFO 201510
 Hurricane Lane Discussion Number  23
 NWS Central Pacific Hurricane Center Honolulu HI   EP142018
 500 AM HST Mon Aug 20 2018
 Aircraft from the NOAA Aircraft Operation Center and the U.S. Air
 Force Reserves 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron departed
 Hurricane Lane late Sunday evening. In the meantime, we are relying
 on satellite imagery to track Lane's progress. A warm spot, which
 appears to be indicative of an eye, appeared in the infrared
 satellite imagery several hours ago. Radar reflectivity data sent
 from the NOAA aircraft between 0510z and 0722z showed that Lane's
 eyewall was open in the southeastern quadrant. More recently, a
 1237z SSMI microwave image appears to show that the eyewall has now
 become distinct in all quadrants. All of the satellite fix agencies
 (PHFO, SAB, and JTWC) based their subjective Dvorak current
 intensity estimates on an "eye pattern". These estimates ranged
 from 90 to 102 knots. The latest UW-CIMSS ADT estimate appears to be
 an unrealistically low 77 knots. Since the aircraft observations
 were much stronger earlier tonight and the overall appearance of
 the hurricane appears to be improving, we will maintain the initial
 intensity at 110 knots.
 The initial motion for this advisory is 275/12 knots. Lane continues
 to track westward along the southern flank of a large subtropical
 ridge. There is still significant spread in the track guidance
 beyond day 2 due to the variations in the way the individual models
 handle the erosion of the western portion of this ridge as an
 upper-level trough digs down northwest of the main Hawaiian Islands
 in about 72 hours. The latest forecast track through 48 hours is
 close to the previous forecast. However, due to overwhelming
 evidence that the western end of the ridge will erode from days 3
 through 5, we again had to shift the track far to the right. The
 latest forecast track is much closer to the TVCN/TVCX and GFEX
 consensus models. It is also to the right of the ECMWF, and to
 the left of the GFS and HWRF track guidance. Note that another NOAA
 G-IV mission to sample the environment around Lane is scheduled for
 this afternoon. The data from this aircraft will be used to improve
 the initial fields in the hurricane forecast models.
 The latest intensity forecast has been nudged up slightly compared
 with the previous one. Lane will remain over 27-28 degree C waters
 through the forecast period. Shear of 10 to 15 knots is expected
 during the next 6 hours or so, followed by reduced shear during the
 12 to 48 hour time periods. After that, vertical shear is expected
 to increase, which would likely result in steady weakening. Lane
 may possibly become a tropical storm by day 5. This intensity
 forecast closely follows the IVCN consensus guidance. Note that
 with the eye becoming more distinct, there is a possibility that
 Lane may be undergoing a new period of intensification. Additional
 reconnaissance aircraft will be flying into the system soon, so we
 expect to receive direct measurements of the cyclone's intensity in
 a few hours.
 Due to the large uncertainty in the future track and intensity of 
 Lane, all interests in the Hawaiian Islands, including the 
 Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, should continue to closely monitor 
 the future progress of this system. Based on the latest trends in 
 the forecast, direct impacts on the islands appear to be
 increasingly likely. The latest trends in tropical cyclone wind
 speed probabilities also suggest that a Tropical Storm or Hurricane
 Watch may be needed for some parts of the island chain later today
 or tonight.
 INIT  20/1500Z 13.7N 148.2W  110 KT 125 MPH
  12H  21/0000Z 13.9N 149.8W  110 KT 125 MPH
  24H  21/1200Z 14.2N 151.7W  110 KT 125 MPH
  36H  22/0000Z 14.5N 153.3W  110 KT 125 MPH
  48H  22/1200Z 15.0N 154.8W  100 KT 115 MPH
  72H  23/1200Z 16.6N 157.2W   95 KT 110 MPH
  96H  24/1200Z 19.0N 159.0W   80 KT  90 MPH
 120H  25/1200Z 21.0N 160.5W   55 KT  65 MPH
 Forecaster Houston
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